Asthma: Causes, Symptoms, Types, and 7 Best Treatments

Asthma: Causes, Symptoms, Types, and Treatments


Asthma is a chronically lung disease that causes narrowing of the airways and makes it difficult for the patient to breathe. Due to this disease, the two major lung vessels that play an essential role in breathing become inflamed. Asthma patients’ lives become very difficult as they can get out of breath at any time. Asthma is a common disease as it affects millions of people worldwide. Asthma can be experienced due to various reasons. Sometimes the symptoms of this disease appear due to allergies and other conditions. Also, some people may have hereditary asthma.

Causes of Asthma

The causes of asthma can be as follows:

  • Cold air
  • Respiratory diseases
  • Mental stress
  • Gastrointestinal diseases
  • Allergies
  • Heart diseases
  • Environmental pollution
  • Smoking
  • Excessive alcohol consumption
  • Anxiety
  • Use of certain drugs

A variety of causes can cause asthma symptoms. Most people experience breathing difficulties due to this disease, while others have different symptoms.

Asthma Symptoms

Asthma symptoms may include: 

  • Fatigue
  • Chest tightness
  • Coughing at night or during exercise
  • Restlessness
  • Frequent chest infections
  • Chest pain
  • Insomnia due to breathing difficulties
  • Wheezing (this sound can be whistling)
  • Just as the symptoms of asthma vary, so do the types.

Types of Asthma


Allergic asthma

If you are experiencing asthma symptoms, your airways may be sensitized to certain substances. These include animal hair and various particles in the air. When these particles enter your body, your immune system reacts by causing the muscles in the airways to tighten, leading to inflammation of the airways a few days later. And mucus starts forming in them. Allergic asthma is also called seasonal asthma.

Non-allergic asthma

Non-allergic asthma occurs due to unknown causes. This type of asthma can develop later in life and worsen, unlike other types.

Exercise Asthma

Exercising narrows the airways that help you breathe, which can cause coughing and shortness of breath.

Occupational asthma

Sometimes there are particles in the office environment that cause breathing problems. As soon as you leave the office, the symptoms begin to subside.

Severe asthma

Symptoms of severe asthma cannot be relieved by any treatment. Severe asthma can have a very negative impact on life. People of any age can experience this type of asthma.

Treatment of asthma

Asthma is usually treated with medication. However, some home remedies are also helpful in reducing some of its symptoms. These foods can help treat asthma.


Apple is a magical fruit that is very useful for asthma patients. According to the Nutrition Journal, apples reduce the risk of sudden asthma attacks and improve lung function.


Due to its antioxidant properties and potassium in bananas reduce breathing difficulties and improves lung health.


This underground vegetable has many properties. The benefits of garlic include its anti-inflammatory properties that reduce inflammation of the respiratory tract and ease breathing. Additionally, garlic also plays an essential role in improving heart health. These three foods can play an important role in reducing asthma symptoms.

Foods rich in vitamin A

A balanced amount of vitamin A in the body improves lung function, which reduces asthma symptoms. Vitamin A can be obtained from the following vegetables.
Carrot – Potato – Spinach – Broccoli (a type of cabbage) –

Foods rich in vitamin D

Adequate intake of vitamin D reduces asthma attacks. Vitamin D can be obtained from:

Eggs – Malt juice – Milk – Salmon fish – Along with this, some home remedies can also help reduce asthma symptoms.

Eucalyptus oil

Eucalyptus oil has anti-inflammatory properties when faced with asthma due to inflammation in the airways. Therefore, eucalyptus oil reduces asthma symptoms. Steaming its oil will reduce the symptoms of this disease.

Herbal tea

Herbal teas also have anti-inflammatory properties that improve lung function. Consuming herbal tea every day also improves the immune system.

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